“FAST” GC some “more practical” Issues ”Theory”/Data HTM Calidus GC 2012 PDF Overview
this is still but an Overview of Calidus FastGC for more details you will need to consult with Us !
high SPEED vs resolution
new 2012+ extended to 4 metres MAX per module but 8 metres 2 modules in series
column resistive heating 6 foot long MAX ) . . . compromised “intrinsic” column efficiency 0.28mm ID Columns ~3000 plates/meter Total N(t) 6000 compared to high resolution 0.28mm ID 30m N)t) 90,000 BUT analyses in 2 minutes vs 20-30 minutes optimised
““old” GCs : large Lab GC Ovens
High Enengy;kilowatts; slow heating 60degC/min. . . at lower temp ranges 0-100C; 40 100-200; 200-300 30 300-400 ??? Cool Down 5minutes to 50C, 10mins to 40C
“new” Calidus FAST GC
300 Watts max; 300degC permin . . . ideal for portable applications ambient +5 degC to 400 degC Cool down < 2mins to 40 degC
Fast GC vs idealised but slower R&D type separations
HC to C20 Details Restek E1387 Mix
Higher resolution > L and much greater time required
If you don’t need the Resolution then you can save time - Accuracy improved . . . 10-20scans per peak
accuracy depends on speed of the A/D / time slicing of the Data Sys across peaks - obvious compromise in idealised Restek chromatogram - also may suffers in accuracy perhaps re 1 to 3 scans per peak ? ideally minimum of 10scans per peak
see accuracy proven below for typical FAST GC . . . obvious a simulated chromatogram or perhaps on a high speed TOC GC/MS sytsem and “idealised”
Speed Relevance from Process Control GC Perspective
Cost savings re finesse of production control raw materials product throughput etc - invaluable
Who would Use Calidus FastGC Enviro Labs Idealfor field or lab preliminary scanning tool . . . for follow-up detailed High(er) resolution of target samples by GC and/or GC/MS 4metres (max of Calidus) 0.1mmID MXT Nt 32,000 = 15metres 0.25mm Peak Resolution re Packed GC Column 30ft of 1/8”OD ~Nt 16,000
Huge potential; savings for work intensive laboratories
Process Control GC many application can run at 20 times the speed Economies of scale with finer control of process plants
2D-GC Applications Heart Cutting eg First seperaton om a non-polar column with overlapping peaks separated on a polar column all in-line . . . on-line. - can be equivalent to a single column separation with “millions of plates”
Fast GC AND TSE increases LOD by refocusing “broad” peaks/ post column . . . x14 to x40; particularly for many volatiles on a (mini-) TCD detector requires air compressoer and “vortex” cooling
DISADVANTAGES Injected on-column Sample Capacity is less and requires a Split sample BUT Sharper Peaks means LOD Limit of detection so ~ the same
FAST GC high speed . . . separation in <120seconds NOT minutes AND High Temperature C60+ or higher
far better than any process Control GC anywhere “proven” to ASTM D2887 standards
Process Control - SIMDIST D2887
“Approved” to ASTM Standards Calidus certification . . . pending
18x times Faster
Calidus 2D GC + TSE
a simple powerful 2D-GC gas separation - heartcut to 2nd column - 4mins ASK for details
with TSE capability
TSE ( Targetted Signal Enhancement ) Vortex Cooling - requires 80psi 4cfm air compressor but up to x75 increase in sensitivity for TCD for Process GC : 6.5x3.x2” preferably separate or GC oven - sub ppM LOD for CO2, CO, C2+ HCs, water, S-Compounds (?) potentially N2O (???) application to Lab GC ???? maybe ?
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